Pros and Cons of DevSecOps

By Veritis

Pros and Cons of DevSecOps

Security architects are an essential presence in every IT department. But, if any firm hasn’t embraced it so far, it’s the right time to adopt the DevSecOps culture in their workflow. DevSecOps is a trending software development methodology that involves DevOps and security. Similar to SecOps or DevOps, DevSecOps is a concept that combines two separate teams into a unified environment. It is responsible for providing conditions for continuous secure software development.

DevSecOps was created to emphasize security automation and IT operations in the SDLC as a new concept in the IT field. It includes security as a part of the DevOps foundation and is involved in every phase of the SDLC. It emphasizes software security throughout the software delivery process while delivering products faster than the traditional process.

The DevSecOps model is a new approach for creating software products that use agility, CI, and CD, unlike the traditional process of the software development model, where a security team only joins after a product is finished. It combines security while the software is being produced.

Maturing Culture: A substantial 34% of organizations have cultivated a seasoned DevSecOps culture, indicating notable progress in integrating security throughout the development lifecycle (Source: Radixweb, DevSecOps Statistics 2024).

Investment Uptick: There’s an anticipated 35% increase in yearly DevSecOps automation investment by organizations, highlighting the growing importance of streamlining security processes (Source: Radixweb, DevSecOps Statistics 2024).

Automation Advantage: An overwhelming 96% of respondents agree that automating security and compliance operations, a core DevSecOps principle, benefits their business (Source: Radixweb, DevSecOps Statistics 2024).

Faster Releases with DevSecOps: A significant 60% of engineers report releasing code twice as quickly due to DevSecOps practices, demonstrating its effectiveness in securely improving software delivery speed (Source: Radixweb, DevSecOps Statistics 2024).

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Before delving deep into the topic, let’s explore what DevSecOps is, how it works, and the pros and cons of DevSecOps.

About DevSecOps Services

DevSecOps

The DevSecOps movement started in 1976 and continues to rise on the IT industry’s radar. The SDLC process has experienced a significant makeover in the last two decades. It mainly aims to deliver quality software in less time. This radical overhaul includes adopting tools, techniques, and DevOps principles. However, rapid software development has a higher risk of developing insecure code, so it further develops the DevOps principles to include security in their process, i.e., DevSecOps.

DevOps applications have stormed ahead in terms of size and speed. They are lacking in compliance and robust security. For this reason, the DevSecOps concept was introduced into the SDLC to combine development, operations, and security under one roof. Unlike DevOps and its security, it is much about automation, culture, and shared responsibility. The security operation aims to release better software quickly and detect software problems in production.

The main reason for involving security in the DevOps approach is to ease security issues in the last stages of the SDLC. DevSecOps model boosts automation and involves security in the design, testing, planning, development, and monitoring. A few years back, a security team would add security to software towards the end of the development cycle, and a quality assurance team would test it.


Useful link: All You Need to Know About DevSecOps and its Implementation


DevSecOps Engineer is responsible for securing software development and identifying security threats.

Their job is similar to IT security professional roles. The top skills required for engineers are:

  • Good communication skills
  • Strong collaborating skills
  • Good understanding of DevOps tools
  • The person should know threats, compliance laws, and threat modeling tools.
  • IT pros should know automated code analysis to detect threats and fix vulnerabilities.
  • The IT pro should be familiar with Ansible, deployment systems tools like Hibernates, and developer tools like GitHub. He is also familiar with the programming languages like Java and PHP.

Adoption of DevSecOps

The following principles are adopted by DevSecOps engineers as follows:

  • The first phase is planning, where engineers strategically prepare and aim for successful adoption.
  • The next is the development phase, where the team’s engineer gathers valuable resources to provide guidance and set up a code review procedure to improve uniformity.
  • The next step is the building phase; the source code involves machine code through tools.
  • Then, in the testing phase, the automated testing framework is subjected to multiple testing practices in the pipeline.
  • In the following phase, engineers run IaC tools to increase the pace of software delivery by automating the process.
  • The following phase is operation, one of the essential processes, and operation teams frequently engage in periodic maintenance.
  • The scaling phase is one of the crucial steps where IT engineers ensure that companies do not waste their resources to preserve big data centers.

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How Does DevSecOps Work?

DevSecOps phases follow the following steps:

  • First, the version control system is used for development.
  • Team member assesses the application changes. The employee does this regarding the changes in the security faults, code quality, and potential flaws. The application is then deployed within security configurations.
  • The application is tested in the integration, user interface, back end, and security using test automation.
  • The application moves to production if it successfully passes the test.
  • Security software and multiple monitoring programs monitor the application in production.

Limitations of DevSecOps

Limitations of DevSecOps

1) Incompatibility With Web Application Firewalls (WAFs)

DevSecOps tools encounter limitations when interfacing with web application firewalls (WAFs) due to their reliance on monitoring actual user requests, a functionality applicable solely in production environments, thus hindering the resolution of issues.

2) Dependency on Automation

DevSecOps phases heavily rely on automation, rendering manual penetration testing tools ineffective within this framework, as they fail to align with the automated processes integral to the DevSecOps process.

3) Incompatibility With Simple Web Vulnerability Scanners

Simple web vulnerability scanners are not designed to integrate seamlessly with continuous integration (CI) and continuous delivery (CD) or CI/CD tools. Consequently, they are ill-suited for conducting security vulnerability assessments within the DevSecOps principles.

4) Scope Limitations in Security Vulnerability Assessment

The constraints of DevSecOps best practices extend to its compatibility with security vulnerability assessment tools, as they are not tailored to function optimally within the framework of continuous integration (CI) and continuous delivery (CD) workflows.

5) Challenges in Application Integration

As a developing approach integrated into DevSecOps principles, specific applications face limitations in their compatibility and integration within the framework, posing challenges to their effective deployment and utilization.


Useful link: DevSecOps Implemention : Enhancing Security for an Energy Services Firm


Pros of DevSecOps

Pros of DevSecOps

It can ensure an application is stable and less vulnerable to malicious attacks. The two most essential benefits of the DevSecOps concept are security and speed. In addition, numerous features of DevSecOps services benefit businesses of all sizes.

1) Better Communication and Collaboration Between Teams

This security solutions culture promotes collaboration and teamwork among IT professionals with multiple skills and competencies to accomplish one goal. One of DevSecOps’ primary goals is to integrate teams.

2) Improve the Agility and Speed of Development Teams

Team members are under pressure to respond quickly, review, and fix vulnerabilities and other software issues while in the ongoing development process.

3) Improves Better Quality Control and Threat Exposure

Although the DevOps team may see the security team as a source of delay, this shouldn’t be the case. Issues are detected and finished immediately before the entire project is completed. This strategy ultimately leads to better quality control procedures and shorter time projects.


Useful link: DevSecOps – A DevOps Savior to ‘Cybersecurity’ Challenge!


4) Enables Early Detection of Software Flaws

One of the main tasks of the security team is to manage and reduce the risks effectively. It can only improve by including the security team in the DevOps process. Doing this can combine the speed and reliability of a product efficiently.

5) Provides Better and Quick Response to Changing Client Requirements

DevSecOps framework can work faster in reviewing projects, scanning vulnerabilities, and integrating changes and applications during development.

Cons of DevSecOps

Cons of DevSecOps

DevSecOps principles can’t solve all issues related to business. Every organization must evaluate its requirements and needs.

These are some of the disadvantages of the DevSecOps process:

1) Dev Speed Suggests More Missed Sensitive Data

The DevSecOps consulting approach has sped up the development of the application at the starting stage. However, this speed comes at the price of missing vulnerabilities.

2) Difficult to Specify Design Vulnerabilities

This model depends on the agile system. It uses multiple techniques to produce the first application as soon as possible. This comes from the fact that it is based on the client’s feedback to improve the application. So, it becomes complex and time-consuming to find design-based exposures.

3) No Early Phase Documentation

The absence of documentation in the beginning phase of the application development makes identifying exposures, particularly the business logic ones, more complex, as the security experts will require more time to understand the application logic.


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4) Lack of Open Communication Will Not Work

Communication and collaboration are the two essential steps of the IT department; software development and security must be developed to work. However, if any of these teams withhold crucial information from each other, it may not work correctly.

5) Management’s Top Priority May Not Be Possible

Not every executive in a software company views security as a top priority. As a result, an organization executive may not accept the changes a manager tracks. As a result, the business may only resume security testing once the software development processes are complete.

Conclusion

DevSecOps framework is a new model involving security in the starting stages of software development. It can ensure full functionality, reduce cyber threats, and fast software product deployment. Implementing security at every stage of the SDLC allows software products to be delivered quickly. This security solution can be implemented in the automotive, healthcare, finance, and retail industries.

It is a management model that involves security, operations, application development, and IaaS in a continuous delivery cycle. DevSecOps’s goal is to apply security at all stages of the SDLC. Using security at each stage of the SDLC allows for continuous integration, reduced cost compliance, and quickly delivering software products. Its main objective is to make everyone responsible for security.

For over a decade, Veritis, the Stevie and Globee Business Awards winner, has been a trusted partner to small and large companies, including Fortune 500. We have enough expertise in delivering solutions for IT projects and combining emerging technologies in a dynamic environment. Veritis offers multiple technology services for your business with a cost-effective solution. So, contact us to embrace productivity with the best DevSecOps tools.

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